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Our History

When the original 13 Colonies of the United States were formed, most of the land west of the Colonies was unsettled. After all, no one knew exactly how far west the land extended. But if you take a look at a map of the eastern United States, you'll notice that northern Ohio is exactly west of Connecticut. As a result, Ohio was originally part of the state of Connecticut.

In 1786, Connecticut gave up claim to this western region except for a strip of land that extended 120 miles wide from east to west and was bordered by Lake Erie on the north and by Pennsylvania on the east. This reserve area, which was governed by Connecticut until 1800, was named the Connecticut Western Reserve. In 1795 the land was sold to venture capitalists for $1.2 million, who then organized the Connecticut Land Company that ultimately surveyed and settled the region. Today this area is known as Northeastern Ohio.

The purchasers and their associates did not necessarily move to the reserve but instead hired agents to sell the land to those who wanted to migrate to the area. As early as 1796, settlers from Connecticut moved to the region earning the area the name "New Connecticut." Today, much of Northeastern Ohio is reminiscent of New England, especially in architecture.

Trumbull County also played a significant role in the Underground Railroad movement. As early as 1823, local citizens were helping fugitive slaves escape to the north. By 1837, Trumbull County had 30 anti-slavery societies with membership totaling close to 1,500. And according to historians, Trumbull County had more escape routes than any other county in Ohio -- 153 miles. The Warren-Ashtabula Turnpike, which is known today as Route 45 (Mahoning Avenue), was the most direct route to Canada. "Stations" were scattered throughout the county and there were 22 official "conductors." Many of those hiding places are still standing today.

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Trumbull County Tourism Bureau
321 Mahoning Avenue NW • Warren, Ohio 44483
866.360.1552 • 330.675.3081 • 330.675.3083

Member of: Ohio Travel Assocation; Ohio Has It!; Ohio’s Appalachian Country; Adventures in Northeast Ohio; and Pennsylvania Bus Association.

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